Bladder Cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the bladder. The most common type of bladder cancer is transitional cell carcinoma. This cancer affects the inner lining of the bladder. We do not know the cause of bladder cancer but we do know smoking is the greatest risk factor for bladder cancer. Smokers get bladder cancer twice as often as people who don’t smoke. Bladder cancer is also much more common in men than women and Whites are twice as likely as African Americans and Hispanics to develop bladder cancer.
Often the first symptom of bladder cancer is hematuria (blood in the urine).
Our medical staff will start by taking a complete medical history, performing a physical exam and considering some additional tests and/or procedures. This examination may include the following:
- Urine cytology with FISH (urine screening for abnormal cells)
- Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP)
- Complete Blood Count (CBC)
- Hematuria protocol CT scan
The exact cause of bladder cancer is not known but there are many factors that are strongly linked to bladder cancer:
- Exposure to certain industrial chemicals (solvents, dyes, etc.)
- Chronic cystitis (bladder inflammation)
- Exposure to cyclophosphamide (a type of chemotherapy)
- Radiation (bladder exposure)
A cystoscopy done in the hospital usually allows removal of the tumor, which provides information to allow the stage and grade of the cancer to be determined. This will then allow your care provider to inform you of your condition and guide you through your medical options. Special care is given to each patient to provide an individualized medical plan to meet the needs of each patient.